All About Depression logo
    Overview   Causes   Diagnosis   Treatment   Medication Dr.P's BlogNews and ResearchRelaxationBooks

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Workshop
-About Change
-Common Obstacles
-CBT Overview
-CBT Principles in Action
-Thoughts Cause Feelings
-Automatic Thoughts
-Unrealistic Thoughts
-Depression Affects Thinking
-Thinking Styles
-Thinking Styles Example
-Summary of Principles
-Keeping an Automatic Thought Record
-Thoughts and Feelings
-Step #1: Record Info
-Step #2: Rate Info
-Step #3: Respond to Info
-Helen's Responses
-Step #4: Get Results
-Appropriate Expectations

For Download
-Thinking Styles List
-Automatic Thought Record
-Strategies for Balanced Thinking
-Mood Chart

Custom Search

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Workshop

How Depression Affects Thinking

Dr. Aaron Beck, a prominent researcher and theorist in the field of Cognitive Therapy conceptualized what he has called the "cognitive triad" of depression (Beck et al. 1979). He found that our thoughts when we are depressed are characteristically negative, permeating and coloring our view of ourselves, our world, and our future. Examples of such negative thoughts are provided below.

Self "I am no good."
"No one likes me."
"I can't do anything right."
“I’ll never amount to anything.”
World “Everything sucks.”
"There's nothing out there for me."
"People are out to get me."
"Things are just too hard."
Future "Things will never get better."
"I'm doomed to be miserable."
"I won't be able to accomplish anything."
“Things are hopeless.”

If you are aware of the symptoms of depression, you may recall that a few symptoms are related to thought processes. For instance, the thoughts and feelings of worthlessness or guilt brought on by depression reflect the negative sense of self illustrated above. Similarly, thoughts of hopelessness suggest a belief that the future has nothing positive to offer. Also, because depression often impairs your ability to concentrate, you may have difficulty thinking clearly and making decisions.

Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F. & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford Press.

Unrealistic Thoughts
Back Next
Thinking Styles



This web site is for information and support only. It should not be used as a substitute for professional treatment or advice.

Home   Overview   Causes   Diagnosis   Treatment   Medication
About Us    Contact Us    Privacy Policy    Terms of Use

This page was last updated on June 23, 2010

Copyright © 1999-2010 All About Self Help, LLC. All rights reserved.